Using a GroupListView¶
A flat list is enough in many cases, but sometimes it would be really nice to be able to put the model objects into groups, making it easier for users to see where something belongs. It’s nice that our database of songs can be sorted by “Album,” but it would be even nicer if the control was able to put all the tracks for an album together under their own title.
This is what a GroupListView does. And it looks like this:
Understanding the process¶
To make a GroupListView work, the control needs to collect the model objects into different groups. This is done in the following steps:
- Calculate a “group key” for each object.
- All objects with the same group key are placed into the same group.
- The group key is converted into a string, which become the title of the group.
Understanding this simple process is the key to working with a GroupListView. Remember this, and you will have conquered the GroupListView.
Getting the “group key”¶
The “group key” for an object is normally whatever value the object has in the “group by” column. So if list of tracks is being grouped by the “Artist” column, the group key for a track will be, for example, “Coldplay” or “Nickelback”.
However, that isn’t always the best group key. For example, without any other configuration, if we group our tracks by the “Last Played” column, every track ends up in it’s own group (bonus points if you can explain why).
If we want the tracks to be more usefully grouped, we will need to install a group key getter for the “Last Played” column. In this case, we want all tracks that were played in the same month to be placed into the same group. So for each track, we want to calculate the month it was last played and return that as the group key.
We would do this by creating a function and then installing it as the group key getter for the column:
def lastPlayedGroupKey(track): # We only want to group tracks by the month in which they were played return datetime.date(track.lastPlayed.year, track.lastPlayed.month, 1) ... ColumnDefn("Last Played", "left", 100, "lastPlayed", groupKeyGetter=lastPlayedGroupKey)
The groupKeyGetter can be specified in the same ways that a valueGetter can be specified:
a callable that accepts the model whose group key should be calculated.
- a string which will be treated as:
- the name of parameter-less instance method
- the name of an instance variable
- an index into a dictionary-like object
an integer, used as an index into a indexable collection
Grouping by initial letter¶
One common pattern is for objects to be grouped by the first letter of a string value. For example on the “Title” column, all tracks starting with “A” would be grouped together. This is so common that there is a built-in way to do it: set useInitialLetterForGroupKey to True for a column:
ColumnDefn("Title", "left", 120, "title", imageGetter=musicImage, useInitialLetterForGroupKey=True)
Converting the “group key” to title¶
Once the group keys have been calculated for each model object, and all the model objects with the same group key have been collected into their respective groups, we are almost ready to present the groups to the user.
The final remaining step is to decide that to call the group. The name of a group is normally its group key converted to a string. This works well when the group key is a string, and reasonably well for other data types, but sometimes you need something different. In those cases, you can install a groupKeyConverter on the column:
def lastPlayedGroupKeyConverter(groupKey): # Convert the given group key (which is a date) into a representation string return groupKey.strftime("%B %Y") ... ColumnDefn("Last Played", "left", 100, "lastPlayed", groupKeyGetter=lastPlayedGroupKey, groupKeyConverter=lastPlayedGroupKeyConverter)
Here our group key is the first of the month in which the track was last played. Without a groupKeyConverter, the title of the groups would look like “2008/05/01”. But with our groupKeyConverter, the title of the groups end up like “May 2008”, which is nicer.
The groupKeyConverter operates in the same way that a stringConverter operates.
Using SetGroups() directly¶
All of the above steps are used when you give the GroupListView a straight list of model objects, leaving the GroupListView to convert the model objects into groups. It is also possible for the programmer to manually create the groups and then tell the GroupListView to show the groups that the programmer has created.
Each group is represented by a ListGroup object. A ListGroup basically consists of a title and a list of model objects that are to be shown in the groups.
Once the programmer has created a list of ListGroup objects, they should be given to SetGroups() method. The order of the groups in the list, and the order of the model objects in the group are the order in which they will be presented to the user.
If you manually create the groups, you will need to handle sorting yourself, or turn off sorting altogether. This is necessary since the GroupListView will not know how to recalculate the groups.
Customizing using events¶
A GroupListView triggers several events which allow the programmer to change key behaviours of the control.
|EVT_GROUP_CREATING||Triggered when a new collection of groups has been created but not yet displayed to the user. The handler of this event can make any changes they like to the groups, including the names of the group and the members.|
|EVT_GROUP_SORT||Triggered when the groups need to be sorted. Both the groups themselves and the model objects within each group should be sorted. The handler of this event should called Handled() on the event, otherwise normal sort processing will occur.|
|EVT_EXPANDING||Triggered when one or more groups is being expanded. The handler of this event can call Veto() to prevent the groups from being expanded.|
|EVT_EXPANDED||Triggered after one or more groups have been expanded. This is a notification event only.|
|EVT_COLLAPSING||Triggered when one or more groups is being collapsed. The handler of this event can call Veto() to prevent the groups from being collapsed.|
|EVT_COLLAPSED||Triggered after one or more groups have been collapsed. This is a notification event only.|
A GroupListView can stop showing groups and revert to a straight ObjectListView by calling SetShowGroups(False).